Black and white print linearisation with i1Profiler and QTR
Black and white print linearisation with i1Profiler and QTR
Using a spectrophotometer to create linearising ICC profiles
There are lots more explanatory details in the ColorPort article, which I’d suggest reading first, if you are relatively new to the process.
There are downloadable target files and target images for the targets associated with this article.
Remember that the test images are all meant to be printed as normal black and white images- they are not meant to printed as profiling targets. There is a good example of using the correction profile in an article I wrote about testing and using an unknown fine-art paper
It seems that i1Profiler will allow you to measure test targets without licensing, and supports any i1 Spectrophotometer.
I’d thank Scott Martin of Onsight for pointing out this feature of i1Profiler to me, and his work in alternative process printing.
QuadToneRIP (QTR) is a splendid bit of shareware from Roy Harrison that provides a wealth of B&W printing capabilities for Epson printers, including those set up with third party ‘grey only’ ink sets.
QTR download – only $50 shareware
However, the part of the software I’m looking at using is the part that creates specialist greyscale ‘correction’ profiles. These are ICC printer profiles that correct for non-linearity when printing.
They are made by printing patches of different grey levels and noting how the measured value compares with what was in the test image (or target).
You’ll need to have the latest version downloaded from X-Rite. You can install it without needing any additional software license. i1Profiler at X-Rite.
Download the i1Profiler targets collection [zip file]
There are 21 and 51 patch targets that fit landscape (L) or portrait (P) oriented A4 (and letter) paper.
The ‘K’ versions are for the i1Pro 2
Whilst the ‘Ki1’ versions work with the i1Pro (and i1Pro 2)
Note: How good is your monitor?
Can you see the individual patch boundaries on the top target – mine only just distinguishes between patches T and U. If your monitor has problems showing different patches, than how can you edit deep shadow detail with any confidence how it will appear on a print? The Northlight Images B&W test image has clear detail in the 90%-100% range. Just be careful not to put all the shadow crunching blame on your printer, until you actually have some measured curves.
With each file, there is an accompanying text file that contains data about the target layout.
The i1Pro 2 can read both formats, but the i1Pro needs the bigger patches and spacer gaps.
The target reading function in i1Profiler is very picky about file formats, and wouldn’t have anything to do with the eye-one target files included with the QTR package.
The I’ve created files are greyscale ones in the Grey Gamma 2.2 colour space. Print them as normal B&W images, not profiling targets.
I’ve chosen this to make it easy to use them in a B&W print correction workflow where you are printing via a printer’s B&W print mode. The profiles are used as a form of ‘correction curve’ rather than the way you’d use a normal printer profile.
See the ColorPort article for more about this or the more recent  Spyderprint article. There is a good example of using the correction profile in an article I wrote about testing and using an unknown fine-art paper
Once you’re ready to measure your test strips, you need to open up i1Profiler and put it in ‘Advanced’ mode.
If you are using just the downloaded version, with no software modules licensed, the you won’t get the green tick (the licensing info is stored in the i1Pro 2 I’m using)
You are going to be using the ‘Measure Reference Chart’ function (CMYK mode, rather than the RGB you would normally use for profiling).
The first thing to do after opening the measuring function, is to tell i1Profiler what target you used.
Here, I’ve selected the ‘P’ version of the 51 step target – you can leave all the targets and info files in their folders. There is no need to save them anywhere special (you can do, but I wanted to keep this process simple).
If you’re curious, open up the target files in a text editor…
The 51 step target appears.
Since I’m using an i1Pro 2, I select it as the measuring device.
After calibration of the spectrophotometer, I read in the data, one line at a time.
For targets like this I’ve created them for strip reading mode.
I’ve selected M0 mode (equivalent to an unfiltered i1Pro)
The paper is a new warm glossy coated cotton rag paper I’m testing. It’s entirely OBA free and has a really nice look to it.
The display above, shows target/measurement pairs after I’ve completed the scanning.
Next, save the file in i1Profiler CGATS CIELab format (another text file – open it and see your measurement data.
To create a QTR profile, just drop the measurement file onto the QTR-Create-ICC-RGB script.
Here’s the output from the script.
A Dmax of 2.7 is what I’d expect from this paper.
Buying the i1Basic Pro 2
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Note the crunched up blacks – one of the reasons I was looking at using a QTR profile. Once again there is more about this on the associated ColorPort article.
If you wanted to, with the i1Pro 2, you could save data in M0, M1, M2 modes. Deciding what measurements are appropriate for what paper and inks is a matter for further experimentation.
I’ve been using MeasureTool for several years with my old i1Pro to create correction/linearising profiles and curves.
Since MeasureTool is no longer supported I was glad to find out that i1Profiler also offered measuring functionality in its unlicensed form.
At the moment ColorPort doesn’t offer specific i1Pro 2 support, so using i1Profiler is the only way to get the different ‘M’ modes
What’s described here should be thought as some initial experiments with i1Profiler functionality – it does a lot, but is rather thin on documentation in some areas. I’d welcome any feedback from anyone using this package.
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For information about printers, paper reviews and profiling (colour management) see the Printing section of the main printers and printing page, or use the search box at the top of any page.
All colour management articles and reviews are indexed on the main Colour Management page - please do let Keith know if you've any questions, either via the comments or just email us?
Some specific articles that may be of interest:
- Why don't my prints match my screen? A short article showing why there is more to getting your prints to match your screen, than just calibrating your monitor. It's the vital first step, but you do need to consider some other factors for best results.
- Why are my prints too dark - some basic suggestions to this common problem.
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