Room lighting for image editing
Room lighting for image editing
If you’re serious about photo editing, then pay attention to lighting in your office
Keith regularly tells people that they should calibrate their monitors for best results, but it’s also important to consider the conditions you are working in, and how you evaluate your prints.
This short article is intended to give you some ideas and links to more info about what you need to consider when setting up your workplace lighting and decoration.
Although written in 2008, links have been updated – many products have been updated (and reviewed on this site) in the mean time, but we’ve kept the original links. The principles covered have not really changed…
Why room lighting really matters
Thinking about illumination and room decoration will help improve the consistency and accuracy of your work.
As an example, most ‘energy saving lightbulbs’ are useless for critical lighting, even if they are cheaper to run…
The colour is (currently) pretty awful and I won’t have one anywhere I’m doing any reasonable colour evaluation.
This graph shows why, although I should emphasise there isn’t a lot of techy stuff in this aticle ;-)
Right …CRI=’0′ (details later)
After monitor calibration…
Calibrating your monitor is an important first step in improving the quality of your digital imaging and printing.
I’ve written quite a few reviews regarding profiling hardware and software, but apart from the Why don’t my prints match my screen article, I’ve not really covered much about the rest of your office, or wherever you do your editing and printing.
How bright is the lighting in your office working environment at the moment? Is there any glare reflected from your screen? Are there any bright lights or strong colours in your view as you read this?
Some hardware devices allow you to measure the levels of lighting.
My Eye One spectrophotometer for example, measures the spectrum of the light and allows me to get an idea of how good it is for accurately viewing objects, but that’s jumping ahead – how about brightness levels?
I’ve just been looking at the Spyder 2 Pro for monitor calibration and it allows you to measure ambient lighting levels. Depending on the brightness it recommends different settings [original article links maintained – see colour management reviews for most up to date solutions]
- Very Low: appropriate for prepress image editing. Calibrate the display to a White Luminance level of 85-100 cd/m^2* and a White Point of 5000K (warm white) to compensate for the eye’s cooler response at low light levels. LCD monitors (including laptops) can be used in this situation as well as CRT displays.
- Moderately Low: dim, but appropriate for photo image editing. Calibrate the display to a White Luminance level of 125-150 cd/m^2 and a White Point of 5800K (slightly warm white) to compensate for the eye’s slightly cooler response at moderately low light levels. LCD monitors (including laptops) can be used in this situation as well as very bright CRT displays.
- Medium: appropriate for typical photo editing. Calibrate the display to a White Luminance level of 175-200 cd/m^2 and a White Point of 6500K (medium white) to compensate for the eye’s moderate colour response at medium light levels. Only LCD monitors (including laptops) can be used in this situation.
- High: uncontrolled, not recommended for colour critical work. Lower the ambient light if possible, otherwise use a monitor hood and calibrate the display to the maximum White Luminance it can produce and a White Point of 6500K or higher.
- Very High: uncontrolled, not recommended for any colour managed work. If you must work in these conditions use a monitor hood, umbrella or photographer’s cloak and calibrate the display to the maximum White Luminance it can produce and a White Point of 6500K or higher.
Do note that this ambient measurement is not the same as the dynamic measurement you can get with the huey calibrator (-not- a feature I’d personally want to use. It’s a feature beloved of many so-called ‘reviews’ and a masterpeice of marketing ;-)
There are actual ISO standards for office lighting for graphics design and Pre-press work.
They are called “Viewing Conditions — for Graphic Technology and Photography” (aka ISO 3664:2000). A second related standard — ISO 12646 (“Graphic Technology — Displays for Colour Proofing — Characteristics and Viewing Conditions”) requires more stringent colour pre-press viewing conditions for monitor calibration and room lighting.
If you are setting up a lab for comparing printed output and digital image files, then use ISO 12646. Or, if you are a Web developer or desktop publisher who seldom creates printed proofs, you can use the less stringent IS0 3664:2000 for guidance.
- How dark should your room be? Article on the ISO lighting standards (archive.org copy)
- Using your camera as a lux meter (archive.org copy)
I often get asked for suggestions about learning more about the nuts and bolts of Colour Management.
My usual suggestion is Bruce Fraser's Real World Colour Management. My own copy is well thumbed. It's my first port of call if I'm asked a question and I feel I don't quite understand an issue well enough to be absolutely sure of an answer.
Check latest price/availability from Amazon.com or Amazon.co.ukRWCM 1st Edition RWCM RWCM 2nd Edition RWCM Other Amazon sites Amazon France / Amazon Germany / Amazon Canada
See some other books Keith has on the shelf, on our Books Page
Daylight is excellent, but it changes – I use big thick heavy curtains (not bright colours either!) I open the curtains and let the light flood in for showing just how much dust has accumulated in various corners, and when I’m dismantling some piece of equipment and a screw has dropped on the floor.
Even the curtains are probably a bit too bright when direct sun shines on them, but then I’m not doing precision photo editing all of the time…
Walls – good grey paint. Check the article mentioned above for some details, but do check that it really is grey when it dries.
Using a spectrophotometer, or spectrocolorimeter like the PrintFIX PRO allows you to measure the colour. Go for Lab measurements with the lowest a and b values for the most neutral.
Don’t forget though that normal ‘grey card’ grey is quite dark and makes for a dismal room if you are not careful.
Furniture – grey of course :-) OK, if that’s a bit too much then at least try to keep distracting bright colours away from your field of view (I have a large sheet of grey backdrop paper behind my monitor. If you are really serious you can take to wearing grey clothing… (OK, all black is probably OK too)
Lighting – Your monitor should be brighter than the ambient lighting, thus your vision will automatically see monitor white as ‘white’. The lighting ideally needs to be ‘full spectrum’ lighting from 5000K to 6000K and needs to be able to render colours well. There is a number (the colour rendition index – CRI) which specifies part of this ‘quality’. Aim for a CRI of over 90
- Detailed info on CRI and what it means
- Short article on Colour temperature (archive.org copy)
- Information about specialist bulbs with good CRI from Solux (note — frames based site)
If you can find good D50 lighting then go for it.
Just remember that it’s actually spectral power distribution (SPD) that is important, not just the CRI.
My own pet hate is the ‘energy saving lightbulb’, most common ones are quite dreadful in colour reproduction – until they have improved quite a lot then the only place in my home is areas I don’t spend much time in.
The diagram at the top of the page shows that using my Eye One, they get a CRI of zero (or ‘so bad, we’re not even going to bother calculating it’)
Use a 5000K light if possible.
The idea is that the white of your paper should look lighter in the viewing box (if you are using one) than when you take it out.
The picture above is the new GrafiLite. It uses an Ott Lite tube to give a colour temperature of about 5300K and a good CRI.
Buying an Ott Lite
We make a specific point of not selling hardware, but if you found the review of help please consider buying an Ott Lite, or any other items at all, via our link with Amazon.
Amazon UK link / Amazon Fr / Amazon De
Amazon USA link / Amazon Canada link
It won’t cost any more (nor less we’re afraid) but will contribute towards the running costs of our site.
We’ve a short review of using the Grafilite with more info.
We’ve also a reveiew of the much more advanced PDV Desktop Viewer from GTI, with more information on viewing prints and soft proofing
Put your viewing area well off to one side of your screen -NEVER- right next to it.
Get used to actually turning your head to view the print, and don’t ever try holding a print right next to a monitor. They won’t ever match…
You might also want to compare the results with Soft Proofing, ideally when all is set up (monitor brightness, viewing source brightness, soft proofing, printer profiles) you should be able to edit and print your images with confidence
- A commercial Print viewing stand – what you need if you are thinking of building your own :-)
- The very useful Ott-Lite – a cheaper solution to print viewing (or the GrafiLite from Colour confidence)
- Soft proofing is one way to simulate more accurately how your prints will look – see this very useful introduction by Bruce Fraser (archive.org copy)
- Info on Soft Proofing in Photoshop
- Soft proofing and print comparison (PDF article – making the monitor really match the proof) – from the excellent Hutcheson site
- There is lots more info about printer profiling on this site but you might want to start with my reviews of the Eye-One and PrintFIX PRO
- Use of soft proofing to show out of gamut colours when (part of the original PrintFIX review)
- Good explanation of Rendering Intent by Bruce Fraser (archive.org copy)
A bit more care in creating your surroundings will help improve the consistency and accuracy of your work.
This short note is intended to outline some of the areas that you might consider (lighting/decoration) – we’ll update the links as we find more relevant info (dead article links replaced with archive.org copies in 2015)
For information about printers, paper reviews and profiling (colour management) see the Printing section of the main printers and printing page, or use the search box at the top of any page. All colour management information is indexed on the main Colour Management page.
Some specific articles that may be of interest:
- Why don't my prints match my screen? A short article showing why there is more to getting your prints to match your screen, than just calibrating your monitor. It's the vital first step, but you do need to consider some other factors for best results.
- Why are my prints too dark - some basic suggestions to this common problem.
Buying anything from Amazon (not just what's listed) via any of the links below helps Keith and Karen keep the site going - thanks if you do! [Amazon UK]