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Epson SureColor SC-P400 printer review

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Epson SureColor SC-P400 printer review

Using the P400 A3+ printer

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The Epson SC-P400 is a pigment ink based 13″ width printer.

It is the third of Epson’s SureColor desktop printers to appear in 2015 that Keith has reviewed in detail.

sc-p400 printer

In many ways, as the SC-P600 was an improved version of the R3000, the P400 is an improved and updated R2000

We’ve had the printer long enough to give it a pretty thorough testing – so please do make use of the comments feature at the end if you’ve any specific questions.

Epson SC-P400

The printer was delivered with inks already installed, but initial setup is a very easy process, loading the ink carts and giving the printer some 5-10 minutes to sort itself out.

The review concentrates on using the printer for high quality print output, rather than covering the bundled software in any great depth. All testing was carried out with an Apple Mac (OSX 10.10,11) and Photoshop CS6. Functionality and operation should be just the same on a Windows PC.

There is a comments/questions section at the end of the review if you want to ask Keith about the printer

Keith has written numerous other printer related articles and reviews. Have a look in the site ‘Articles News‘ section for details.

What do you get with the SC-P400?

The printer is light and compact – you should be able to set it up without assistance. If you’re curious, the PDF user manual is available as a download (Epson UK)

The full technical specs. are listed at the foot of the article

In the box…

  • Epson SC-P400 A3+ ink jet printer
  • Ink cartridges (‘Puffin’ series)
  • Installation CD
  • Single sheet paper feed guide
  • 2x Roll paper support (2″ core)
  • CD/DVD printing holder
  • Power lead (no USB or Ethernet supplied)

items supplied with P400 printer

printer dimensions sc-p400The printer is quite compact, but do note the examples of printing on board later on, for the clear space needed at the back if you print on solid media.


  • k T3241 Photo Black C13T32414010
  • c T3242 Cyan C13T32424010
  • m T3243 Magenta C13T32434010
  • y T3244 Yellow C13T32444010
  • r T3247 Red C13T32474010
  • mk T3248 Matte Black C13T32484010
  • o T3249 Orange C13T32494010
  • go T3240 Gloss Optimiser C13T32404010
Key Features (info. from Epson)
  • Epson UltraChrome Hi-Gloss 2 ink
  • Wide colour gamut with 7 colours plus Gloss Optimiser
  • Highly accurate printing with min. ink droplet size of 1.5 pl.
  • 14ml ink cartridges
  • Compatible with a wide range of media including fine art, glossy and matte papers
  • Roll paper holders allow users to easily print on 2″ core media.
  • Rear-loading fine art paper path for easy loading of fine art media
  • Rigid media support up to 1.3 mm
  • Wi-Fi for wireless printing from tablets, PCs and smartphones
    Print from practically anywhere using your smartphone or tablet PC with Epson iPrint support
  • Built-in Ethernet
  • Modern design for high-quality look and feel
  • Compact footprint (622x324x219mm) fits well where space is an issue, at home or in the studio
  • Lightweight (12.3kg) design
  • Borderless printing
  • 5760×1440 optimised resolution
  • CD/DVD printing


The printer is very easy to connect into a network, with 3 methods of connection.

  • Hi-Speed USB 2.0
  • 100Base-T Ethernet
  • WiFi

The USB was connected to my MacBook Pro and the Ethernet to the house network, for use from elsewhere.

rear connections to the printer

Wireless LAN

  • Standard: IEEE 802.11b/g/n
  • Security: WPA-PSK (TKIP/AES) WPA2 compliant, WEP (64/128bit)
  • Frequency Band: 2.4 GHz
  • Communication Mode: Infrastructure mode, Ad hoc

The wireless was perfectly adequate for printing, but without a screen on the printer, I’d suggest it’s easier to initially set up the print with a direct connection.

Using the SC-P400

The supplied disk is actually not much more than a way of linking to Epson’s installation web service, which is very easy to use and walks you right through the software (and networking) setup.

There is a large ‘start here’ guide with the printer too.

initial printer setup page

It can take a while to download drivers, if you’ve a slow internet connection, so Epson supply some happy smiling children…

software loading screen.

One minor issue with the Epson setup, is that right at the start you need to put in the model number.

Unless you enter it exactly, it won’t go on (smarter search please Epson).

model designation

Once you’re underway though, it really is a simple matter to set up.

network connection options

I’d forgotten that I’ve only got the 5GHz WiFi band enabled on our network – normally this wouldn’t be an issue.

wifi band in use

As is the way with most bits of kit these days, the printer has its own web page that you can check for configuration and several printer setup options.

It’s found a home on our Ethernet Network without any problems.

Printer network information page

Basic information like the ink levels is also available.

supply details on printer web page

The printer itself has just a few buttons for paper loading and ink change.

front panel controls for Epson P400 printer


I’m doing most of my printing via Photoshop (CS6), using custom printer ICC profiles to match the paper.

Epson supply a range of profiles for their own papers, and they are very good. Even though I make my own, I was quite happy with the Epson ones installed.

Papers tested and also profiled during this review.

  • Epson Premium Glossy Photo (PGPP)
  • Epson Archival Matte (EAM)
  • Epson Cold Pressed Natural
  • Epson Hot Press Bright
  • Epson Traditional Photo Paper (also known as Exhibition Fiber in some countries)

I also tested some third party papers to see how they would profile, and how they would look with the Hi-Gloss 2 ink set.

  • Pinnacle Premium Lustre 300
  • Pinnacle Satin Baryta 310
  • ‘Best Photo paper’ – from a local stationary store – an A4 pack of their ‘best value’ photo paper.

The Lustre is a paper I use as one of my standard ones for our commercial prints, whilst the ‘Satin’ is a modern version of the old Ilford Baryta Silk. The two Pinnacle papers are from Paper Spectrum – a local paper supplier.

‘Big hint’ – if I see a 310 gsm paper with the words Silk and Baryta in the name, then I pretty much know that my old Ilford profile won’t need replacing – it’s also a lot cheaper than when the box had Ilford written on it ;-)

As is our usual practice, the profiles are available on request for non commercial and educational use (please say what you need- not just ‘all of them’). There are more details about profiling this printer later in the review.

From my iPad

I don’t use our iPad for much more than controlling my CamRanger atop a tall mast (Photos from 8 metres) but it connects to the printer very easily with the Epson software (worth installing since it gives a lot more control over printing).

A quick check of ink levels.

ipad showing printer ink levels

Here’s a photograph of one of Karen’s friends – printed only seconds after taking the photo. It’s printed on the cheap glossy A4 photo paper I’m using for some tests.

Yes, this is what happens if you visit when I’m testing a printer…

iPad photo printing

The rather mixed colour is a combination of 2850K halogen ceiling lights, overcast daylight and an iPad screen with a colour temperature around 6500K.

The printer can print via a direct WiFi connection to your device, even if you’ve no network setup, like we do here.

I noted that the P400 doesn’t have a ‘PictBridge’ USB socket on it for direct connection to a camera.

Changing ink on the SC-P400

The ink carts of the P400 are relatively light and small, and move back and forth with the print head.

Access is by lifting the top panel of the printer.

printer top panel

Pressing the Ink button on the front of the printer moves the print head to allow for access to the cartridges, by raising the cartridge cover.

access to ink carts

When an ink needs replacing the printer shows an orange light on the front, and the low cartridges are indicated by lights behind the head.

ink carts to replace

In this case, it’s the Cyan and Gloss Optimiser that are low. Unless you are planning a very big print take the initial warnings as no more than a hint to have spare inks ready.

If you print a lot on glossier papers, then the Gloss Optimiser goes down quite rapidly, but carts are considerably cheaper (~£5 instead of ~£12 in the UK).

Changing black inks for different papers

You don’t need to…

Although there are Photo Black and Matte Black inks, the appropriate one is used depending on the paper type you are printing on.

Paper Loading and Media handling

The printer supports a wide range of predefined paper sizes.

Look at the number of options for A3+ (13″ x 19″) for example.

It’s important to set these correctly, since if you use the wrong setting, then either nothing happens or you can easily waste a sheet of paper. If the printer is next to you, then you can spot that nothing’s happening or a warning is flashing, but if the printer is in another room, it’s easy to just stand around waiting and wondering why your print hasn’t appeared.

paper settings in print driver.

The standard paper feed is on top of the printer.

The grey slide sets the width. For thicker papers, you may want to limit the number of sheets – check the manual though for which paper type/size goes where.

main paper feed tray

For the cheap A4 photo paper, I just loaded up 20 sheets, which worked with no problems at all (the specifications mention a maximum of 30 for photo paper and over 100 for plain paper).

A4 sheet feed for printer

The front panel lowers and extends to catch prints coming out of the printer.

Front paper tray for P400 printer

With A3+ sheets, you do need to pay attention to space behind and above the printer, such as the shelf bracket you can see.

front and rear clearance for A3+ size paper

‘Art papers’

Thicker art papers need the manual feed tray fitting to the back of the printer – this just slots into place. Note the orange marks showing its top hooks.

rear fine art paper tray

The paper should be inserted carefully but firmly into the slot, until resistance is felt. A few seconds later, the paper is -slowly- drawn into the printer. Don’t push it – the mechanism worked fine when I let it do its job.

Once ready to print, it will sit in place, and needs no more attention.

Single sheet of paper loaded in rear feed slot

The print comes out of the front, just as with the other paper path.

A3+ print on art paper coming out of printer

Board and thick paper

For thicker paper and board (up to 1.3mm thick), the paper needs loading at the front.

The loading tray folds forward.

front loading paper tray

In the photo below, I’ve loaded an A3+ sheet of Epson Archival matte poster board.

Note the big space needed at the back.

photo board loaded into printer

I’m printing a back and white image, using a colour profile for the type of board.

I’ll come back to black and white printing in due course, but note here how I’m printing it in ‘colour’.

print setup for printing onto poster board

Here’s the final print.

photo printed on to 13" x 19" poster board.

Large paper and custom sizes

As well as the predefined paper sizes, it’s possible to create your own paper sizes, such as one I’m using for a panoramic paper (210mm x 594mm).

Rather than run it up the wall behind the printer, I’ve just folded it over, and rested it on the printer.

panoramic paper loaded int printer.

I’m printing an image a bit smaller than the paper.

print settings for panoramic print

As you can see, the custom size has margins, but (depending on the paper type) you can alter these in you custom paper setup.

custom paper sizes

The final print on a glossy paper.

wide pano print on gloss paper

Using Roll paper

For larger prints, you can use roll media.

It’s important to note though that the printer takes media with a 2″ core size, not the large 3″ commonly used on printers such as the 17″ width P800 or larger.

The roll paper guides fit at the back of the printer.

roll paper mounted on P400 printer

I’m testing with a 13″ width 10 metre long roll of Epson Premium Glossy Photo Paper.

Epson PGPP 13' roll paper

The paper feeds into the same rear slot that is used for the rear sheet feed unit (which I’ve removed).

In this case, I’m printing a paper profiling target, which would also fit on an A3+ sheet of paper

using roll paper on the SC-P400

Making larger prints requires some care in handling the overhang – do not let it go to the floor. The printer paper feed is friction fed, and you do not want a lot of weight pulling on the paper.

producing a long panoramic print

With all roll paper you need to be careful how you store prints to dry. The curl is always worse on 2 inch core rolls, and even worse as you get to the end.

print made on roll paper showing curl

Keep the brown paper that the roll is wrapped in. It’s ideal for protecting the paper when you need to roll it back up again.

The roll mechanism is not powered, so roll it back with care.

using othr paper to protect roll paper being rewound

CD Printing

One of the software packages for the printer provides a complete design solution for CD Printing. It has lots of sample files and clip art.

Here I’ve dragged a (fish-eye) photo in place, and added some text.

CD printing layout software

CDs/DVDs are notoriously variable in how well they take ink, so the software include numerous set-up and testing options.

cd print setup options for software on P400

The blank CD is loaded into the holder and fed into the front loading slot.

Once printing is started, the disk holder is drawn into the printer and emerges with printing.

Be careful, in that some CD’s may still be wet – this is a hint that you may have the wrong sort of printable disk…

Cd with photo printed on it

Printer testing

With any new printer I’ve a series of known test images that I always start off printing, I know what these images look like on different types of paper and many different printers.

It’s a quick way of seeing if the printer is up to more detailed testing, since if it can’t manage one of these images, it’s not going to suddenly look better with others.

I always suggest using such images when testing new papers, rather than your own favourite photos. If you can print an image you like the quality of, from these, then it makes refining the printing of your own work so much easier.

The images (and many others) are available for free download on this site.

black and white printer test imagedatacolor test image for printer profilie evaluation

Both images have lots of components to specifically test different aspects of printer performance.

I also use both for testing the performance of printer profiles. If you make use of them, then do be sure to read the explanatory notes that go with the images.

Various Prints

One of the nice things about testing printers, is that it gives me the chance to see images printed, that I may not otherwise get to see at full size.

Someone asked me if this printer would do long prints…

Well I have this image of the bridge over the River Orwell, near Ipswich. It’s a stitched image showing the bridge and estuary – a place I know well, from long before the bridge was built.

I’ve sized the image to fit on a custom 3.24 metre paper size.

setup for three metre print

Here’s the image printed on Epson Premium Glossy Photo Paper.

Keith Cooper holding 3.2 metre long print of the Orwell estuary and bridge

I’m afraid the mixed lighting in the room doesn’t quite do the print justice close up – but I think you get a feel for the size.

It took less than 25 minutes to print at ‘best’ quality.

Two quite different papers, one with a lightly textured lustre finish and one with a heavier smooth feel.

two boxes of A3 photo paper

The lustre finish gives the best example of how the Hi-gloss 2 ink set with its gloss optimiser loses the gloss differential that’s often a ‘feature’ of pigment ink printers on many more shiny finish papers.

gloss coat on lustre finish paper

The three examples below are on the Silk Baryta paper.

The top image (the beach at Beer) shows the difference between using my profile shows the subtle difference between using one of my ICC printer profiles with either Relative Colorimetric or Perceptual rendering intents.

I build profiles to give a bit more contrast and saturation for Perceptual, and in this image it actually shows.

Three test print on silk baryta paper

There’s no automatic choice between the two – it depends on the image and how you want the print to look.

The profiles are available for experimenting…

Colour profiles and profiling

I prefer to create my own colour profiles for papers and printers I’m testing, using i1Profiler from X-rite and an i1iSisscanning spectrophotometer. Profiles are created by measuring special test targets (below on Epson TPP)

Note – if you are not that much into colour management, you really might want to skip over this section

printed profiling test target

The targets need printing without any colour management being applied.

I’ll normally use the (free) Adobe Printer Utility to print the test targets, although I recently found out that the OSX ColorSync Utility (installed on any Mac) includes a ‘print as color target’ mode.

using colorsync utility to print a profiling target

The test target is measured with an X-Rite i1iSis scanning spectrophotometer.

target measuremnt with X-Rite iSis

The i1Profiler software that reads the coloured patches give all kinds of additional information that can be of use in evaluating printer performance.

That said, be wary of reading too much into charts and graphs – most modern photo printers are capable of showing up deficiencies in photographers’ skills in editing and print preparation workflows, rather than vice versa…

patch measurement for profiling

The difference between the green and red curves above show the presence of a small amount of optical brightener in this paper (it’s the cheap glossy photo paper).

Quite a few profiles are installed with the printer driver. If you’re using Epson paper, these are worth trying.

installed Epson icc profiles

Black and White

Conventional wisdom has it that you need multiple black inks (greys) to get good looking black and white prints.

One of the things I discovered when testing the R2000 a while ago, was that when printing with a good quality profile the printer was capable of very pleasing B&W reproduction.

In the example below, I’m printing a view of the mountains I took in Colorado a few years ago, on Epson Hot Press Bright.

It’s a smooth bright white cotton rag paper that’s part of Epson’s ‘Signature worthy’ range.

print setup for monochrome print on cotton rag paper

The photo below shows the print against my grey reference card.

The lighting is 2850K halogen, and I’ve white balanced the shot against the grey card.

For a printer with no grey inks, this looks pretty good.

black and white print on art paper

A more exacting test makes use of my B&W test image.

The printer driver does actually have a greyscale print mode – you need to turn off printing colour management in Photoshop (or whatever you print with).

turning off colour management in photoshop print dialogue

Greyscale is then selected in the print driver settings

greyscale printer driver settings

The second test print makes use of my own custom profile.

selecting a custom printer profile

Here are the two prints – both under 2850K halogen lighting, along with my grey card.

On the left is the custom profile, and on the right the driver’s greyscale mode.

two test prints compered

Here are the same two prints – this time outdoors, with the image white balanced to the grey card (~5800K)

Outdoor photo sowin two test prints

The greyscale print mode (with this non Epson paper) shows somewhat crunched up shadows and a rather cool look.

With an Epson paper (PGPP was the one I tried) the greyscale mode was better, but to my mind, not up to the quality you could get with a good colour profile. The colour profile would also allow you to apply split toning and other effects to your B&W image.

Additional software

Epson Print Layout software is supplied with the printer. It works well and is worth a look, particularly if you’re not printing from within Photoshop, Lightroom, or some other application that supports good quality printing.

The software has improved in functionality and usability over the years, and makes print creation very easy.

Epson print layout software

The image (from opening a Photoshop .PSD file) above really pushes what can be accurately reproduced, in that those lights above the fountain are a deep blue (from LED lighting).

This image has many colours that push the gamut available from any inkjet printer. The colour settings section allows you to select a profile for printing and will give a broad indication of what the print will look like, and how changing rendering intent will alter things.

Take care though, since this is only a soft proofing guide, and should be taken as giving an indication only of how your image will look (assuming you have a calibrated monitor of good quality too).

For a pleasant daytime landscape photo, this may be quite close, but with colours like the blue lights and glowing green letters, you are showing things around the limits.

Do note that I say ‘accurately reproduced’ – there can be a world of difference between accurate and ‘good looking’.

I produced A3+ prints of this image on the P400 and a large format printer costing 10 times as much (which includes blue and green inks in its set). Sure enough, with a bit of tweaking, I was able to get a much stronger blue from the big printer. However, it’s only because I took the photo and worked on the image that I know about the deep blue. Real people visiting our offices expressed no preference, when asked to choose, and spent time looking to see if I’d airbrushed any people out of the photo… Indeed, one person liked the more even gloss feel of the P400 print.

Several people asked how the P400 compared with the P600, with its very different ink set.

The image below is from comparing two profiles in OSX ColorSync Utility.

IMPORTANT – the chart is for illustration only. Please do not read too much into it. Real world images that show any obvious difference are uncommon. The colours you see in the chart are for guidance – the ‘real’ colours will certainly exceed the range this web image will show.

Both ‘blobs’ are for Epson PGPP paper and created from the same targets in my testing.

The solid shape represents the colour gamut of the P600 and the wireframe that of the P400.

The gist of it is that the P600 can manage some darker saturated colours in the blue/purple area, whilst the P400 manages a bit more in lighter colours, especially reds and yellows.

There is no ‘better’ just different…

examples of print gamut with different ink sets


The printer is quite similar to its predecessor (R2000) and capable of producing great looking prints.

Whilst I’d perhaps not make it my first choice for long panoramic prints, it’s good to see the quality of that glossy print of the River Orwell.

The gloss optimiser really does finish off prints very well, and I’m pleased it costs much less than inks. If you are buying the printer, then a spare gloss cart would be a good buy at the same time.

Monochrome printing on glossy papers was reasonable with a good paper profile in colour printing mode. The built in greyscale print mode is somewhat more variable once you start using third party papers – I found it a bit ‘cool’ in tone for my liking under tungsten lighting.

Monochrome printing with a colour profile on matte fine art papers looks very good. As with any greyscale printing with just one black, you are always liable to get problems with some light sources and taking a test print on the Hot Press Bright paper into an area with ‘Energy saving’ lightbulbs in it produced a distinct colour tinge to the print – not much, but more than enough to reinforce my dislike of such lighting. Modern lighting is something that causes me occasional headaches for my commercial print work too – and that’s with much more expensive kit…

Paper handling

No problems in paper handling with any of the types of paper I tried.

If you are using roll paper, do take care when loading and unloading rolls – the paper guides are capable of marking paper if you are a bit rough in winding it back on to the roll.

Print resolution

The printer offers 1440 and a much higher 5760 dpi resolution.

The three prints below are produced at photo, best photo and photo RPM settings.

print resolution settings

They are on the basic photo paper, with gloss coat and using an ICC profile created at the ‘best photo’ setting.

three different print resolutions

The Photo RPM print shows a distinct blueness in midtones and suggests that if you really want to use the RPM mode, then you should profile the paper at that setting.

With a handlens, I can see that the RPM mode does produce the crispest fine detail in the test print, with closer smaller ink dots. The photo setting is just coarse enough that for glossy photos I’d pick the best photo setting.

However, it’s not easy to see improvements in the (much slower) RPM setting, and for most images the best photo setting would be just fine.

Ink costs

It’s not that easy to work out ink usage when doing the sorts of testing I do, but I’ve a couple of examples that show ink use.

Here’s the supply levels returned when I stared to produce my profiling targets.

ink levels at the start of profile target printing

These are the prints from the making of my first set of profiles.

set of colour test prints for profile making

Here are the ink levels after printing – note the drop in levels.

ink levels after printing profiling targets

For a second example, I noted the ink settings before making the 3.2 metre panoramic print. The cyan and gloss carts are newly replaced.

ink levels before making large panoramic print

After the print, the biggest drop is with the Gloss optimiser – basically half a cart.

I’d note though that the gloss optimiser costs less than half what you pay for an ink cartridge.

ink levels after making very large panoramic print

One (potentially) less welcome change from the R2000, is that this printer is listed as having 14ml cartridges, whilst the R2000 specifications indicate 17ml capacity.

However, when you look at replacement cartridge prices on Epson’s UK web site, the 14ml P400 cartridges are £11.99 (Puffin series), whilst the R2000 17ml cartridges are £17.11 (Kingfisher series), so not quite so bad…

The new SureColor printers have an improved dither pattern too (how the dots of ink are layed down) so what might first a backwards step (smaller carts) is not so. Even so, if you are going to be printing a lot, you should be aware that as you go for larger (more expensive) printers such as the P800, the cost of ink drops.

Gloss Optimiser

The gloss optimiser subtly changes the look of prints where it is applied.

This photo shows the end of a profiling test target (on PGPP roll paper), marked by the big dashed line.

The thin dotted line is the cut mark the printer can print at the end of a roll paper print.

You need to cut this yourself – large good quality wallpaper scissors work much better than a normal small pair of scissors.

gloss optimiser showing effect on a glossy paper

You can see the end of the gloss coating in the reflection of the ceiling (halogen) light.

The direct reflection is not changed much, but note how the more diffuse reflection is scattering whiter light.

This takes some care to see, and in normal printing, the only noticeable effect is often just to make the whitest parts of your image a bit whiter. The effect does vary considerably with paper type and it is possible to print without using the gloss coat.

Cleaning, reliability and other bugbears

The printer did one cleaning cycle that I noticed when waiting to print, and there were no signs of blocked nozzles or other ink problems – this was an almost new printer though.

The printer does not take kindly to paper curl and for several of the papers, I had to make sure that corners were not lifting by gentle bending.

The photo (Epson TPP) shows where I’d not quite flattened the paper enough. This can afflict some stiffer papers more, and the box of TPP I was using was not a new one.

hed strike caused by paper curl

If the printer is not next to you when printing, you might want to enable the ‘check paper size’ option in the driver, since when swapping between papers it’s rather too easy to forget exactly what paper is loaded.

The first print (Epson Cold Press Neutral) was made after I’d been using another paper at A3, not A3+

Mildly annoying when testing, more so if it was an expensive paper I’d bought…

prints on textured surface paper

The printer powered itself down if left unattended and when restarted rarely took more than a few seconds to get going again.

All inkjet printers hate lack of use – I try and make sure our large printer goes no longer than 5 days without some form of printing (a nozzle check will do).

This would be excessive for a small desktop printer, but if you leave one for two months or more without printing and there are some clogs and cleaning issues, then my first response is likely to be that you were inviting trouble…

Should you replace your R2000 with a SC-P400?

If the R2000 is working fine, then I’d see no reason to rush out and replace it. The ink cost is slightly lower.

On the surface, differences seem fairly minor, but the R2000 was a printer I found very nice to use anyway.


A printer capable of producing excellent colour prints, especially on glossy paper, where the gloss optimiser gives a surface finish often lacking on glossy inkjet prints.

With good ICC printer profiles the printer manages excellent black and white prints on heavier art papers.

A wide range of media options including roll paper make it easy to experiment with new ways of presenting photographs.

Relatively small ink carts mean this is not a printer for bulk production of large prints, but load it up with a stack of 6×4 glossy paper and it will produce very acceptable borderless photoprints.

You can also leave comments/questions about this review below


A relatively light and compact A3+ (13″ width) pigment ink printer. Inkset includes red and orange inks, which with a gloss coat ‘ink’ offers vibrant and colourful prints.

Roll and sheet media support, along with CD printing and flat (board) media. SC-P400 | SC-P400 at B&H | SC-P400 at AdoramaSC P400 at

Specifications (from Epson)


Printing Method Epson Micro Piezo print head
Nozzle Configuration 180 Nozzles Black, 180 Nozzles per Colour
Minimum Droplet Size 1.5 pl.
Ink Technology UltraChrome Hi-Gloss2
Printing Resolution 5,760 x 1,440 DPI
Category Consumer


Printing Speed 5 Pages/min. Colour (plain paper 75 g/m2), 9 Pages/min Monochrome (plain paper 75 g/m2)
Colours Gloss Optimiser, Orange, Red, Magenta, Yellow, Cyan, Matte Black, Photo Black

Paper / Media Handling

Paper Formats A3+, A3, A4, A5, A6, Letter, Letter Legal, Postcard, 9 x 13 cm, 10 x 15 cm, 13 x 18 cm, 13 x 20 cm, 20 x 25 cm, 100 x 148 mm
Duplex Manual
Print Margin 0 mm top, 0 mm right, 0 mm bottom, 0 mm left (Wherever margin is defined. Otherwise 3mm top, left, right, bottom.)
Paper Tray Capacity 120 Sheets Standard
Compatible Paper Thickness 0.08 mm – 1.3 mm
Media Handling Auto Sheet Feeder, Borderless print, CD/DVD print, Fine Art Paper Path, Roll Paper, Thick Media Support


Energy Use 0.3 Watt (Power off), 20 Watt (printing)
Supply Voltage AC 220 V – 240 V,50 Hz – 60 Hz
Product dimensions 622‎ x 324 x 219 mm (Width x Depth x Height)
Product weight 12.3 kg
Noise Level 52.8 B (A) according to ISO 7779 pattern with Epson Premium Glossy Photo Paper / Photo RPM mode
Compatible Operating Systems Mac OS 10.6+, Windows 7, Windows 7 x64, Windows 8, Windows 8 (32/64 bit), Windows 8.1, Windows 8.1 x64 Edition, Windows Vista, Windows Vista x64
Interfaces WiFi, Ethernet, USB
Mobile and Cloud printing services Epson Connect (iPrint)


Warranty 12 months Carry in

More Epson review info.

Printer profiles created during this review

  • Epson Premium Glossy Photo (PGPP +Gloss opt.)
  • Epson Archival Matte (EAM)
  • Epson Cold Pressed Natural
  • Epson Hot Press Bright
  • Epson Traditional Photo Paper (also known as Exhibition Fiber in some countries) +Gloss opt.

I also tested some third party papers to see how they would profile, and how they would look with the Hi-Gloss 2 ink set.

  • Pinnacle Premium Lustre 300 +Gloss opt.
  • Pinnacle Satin Baryta 310 +Gloss opt.
  • ‘Best Photo paper’ – from a local stationary store – an A4 pack of their ‘best value’ paper +Gloss opt.

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More print related information

For information about other printers, paper reviews and profiling (colour management) see the Printing section of the main Articles and Reviews page, or use the search box at the top of any page. There are also specific index pages for any articles connected with the following topics:

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  • Keith | May 21, 2020 at 8:47 am

    With sheets of labels, it should be consistent enough in image placement, but you’ll need to experiment with getting the initial registration right. There may even be software that does this, but I’m afraid label printing is well outside of my print experience.

  • Sal D | May 21, 2020 at 3:05 am

    hey keith do you think this epson 400 is suitable for sticker print jobs. for example1.5 inch round colored stickers for labels?

  • Keith | Apr 30, 2020 at 1:38 pm

    At the moment only the P600 and P800 replacements have been announced (P700/900)

    I’ve not seen anything about the P400 and with the current situation, new product announcements may well be delayed, as well as shipping.

    I’m hoping to get the 700/900 here at some time for reviews, but even that’s delayed due to people not being in their offices.

  • Suz | Apr 30, 2020 at 1:01 pm

    Thanks for this really helpful review. I’m thinking about either this or the p800 and see the p800 has just been replaced. Have you heard whether the same will happen with the p400 imminently?

  • David Burgess | Aug 2, 2019 at 12:19 pm

    Thank you so much for these reviews Keith, absolutely the best out there. I like that you say things such as ” but in the real world, you’d be pushed to notice” (or otherwise). This puts thing in a good perspective.
    I use an Epson P600 to produce my mobile studio dog prints and print A5/A4/A3 mostly on Marrutt Ultra Pearlescent paper but I’m researching the possibility of 2nd printer just dedicated to producing greeting cards on archival matt double sided paper because I’m fed up with wasting so much OEM ink on the P600 changeover (I’m convinced that was what broke my R3000 – which is still boxed in the loft with £160 worth of Epson Ink in it). I digress…. If you have any thoughts on a printer for that purpose it would be interesting. Doesn’t have to be A3 capable BTW.
    I ran into you briefly at The Photography Show 2018… I think you were returning a loaned item to PhotoSpeed.
    Anyway, thanks again,
    David Burgess
    PS I’ve bought you a Ko-fi

  • Julia Matcham | Aug 2, 2019 at 12:18 pm

    Dear Keith, after some tense moments I have it working nicely. I wonder if you could be kind enough to answer a question. Although I have been using a sophisticated printer for 10 years …I just used to keep a note of the settings as were available on the R1800. These were Vivid 1.5, 1.8 and 2.2 and ditto Standard settings. (Using Photoshop CS2) .If the colour of some detail wasn’t what I wanted I altered it on the original.

    The settings on this new printer are Vivid and Standard…and I am left to flounder with the advanced settings… with trial and error. Pushing up the saturation, contrast, brightness etc makes a big difference but maybe KNOWING what the old settings actually meant, or translated as, might help?
    Fundamentally I will have to re-proof every picture I have. A very long (and expensive) process.
    The print quality seems quite beautiful and it is such a pleasure to see all the colours perfectly printed with the nozzle check after the torture of of the old one fading away!
    If, in relation to my question, you want to see what I do, (inkjet prints section). Thanks very much. If you would like one or more of my ink jet prints to print off, let me know where to send it to and I will send you a full-file version (and a settings guide :-) )

    I can’t do dollars for coffee here in GB. If you are too busy, I do understand.

  • Julia Matcham | Aug 2, 2019 at 12:19 pm

    For the record, it is now available from Amazon at £100 less than Epson! It came with a two pin plug! Doesn’t have the USB lead…but I guess my old leads will work. The cartriges are smaller than my old R1800 which was a bit a shock …smaller! I didn’t think they could be… but they are a bit cheaper. I can’t face the stress of connecting it tonight but will add a note here of how it goes.
    No warranty is in the box…I suppose it has to be chased up! Typical Epson!

  • Keith Cooper | Aug 2, 2019 at 12:19 pm

    Glad it was of interest.

    I can’t comment much on cleaning since I often only get the printers from new and only for a few weeks to write up the review (so I don’t have one here any more).

    Certainly with the much bigger printers, only a sub set of inks can be cleaned, but I suspect not for a smaller consumer level printer?.

    Don’t worry too much over the precise ink mix, it has a lot less impact than marketing might lead you to believe ;-)

  • Julia Matcham | Aug 2, 2019 at 12:19 pm

    Keith, that was a delightfully thorough review. I have been looking for a replacement for my Photo R1800 which has been wonderful but is now stubbornly only printing 4 of the 8 colours. I have tried every remedy suggested …Windex…Magic Bullet …wasted a fortune in inks but to no avail (Epson of course don’t want to know as I had had it re-set and they have stopped making the ink pads).

    I have spent many hours reading reviews and have found out by accident here…that you can turn off the gloss optimiser…hurrah, I am an artist and don’t want glossy prints. Even photos I print matt. The other thing I want to ask you is: my old printer cleaned itself at the drop of a hat. When changing an ink it went through the usual ink wasting performance…is it the same on the SC400? Somewhere I read that on the SC400 you could replace the ink and it would go on printing? Like many others I feel sore about the wasting of all colours when cleaning for one. Is there a way of minimising this?

    Epson have a dire reputation for service…but so has Canon I find! Others have said that they got better service buying through Amazon than Epson… At least I am familiar with Epson so I think you have finalised my choice. I wish they had blue in the ink set…don’t understand how orange is a better thing. That worries me a bit. Thanks a lot. I will save the link.

  • Keith Cooper | May 13, 2017 at 12:35 pm

    There are printers used for signage and the like that can be used with a wide range of inks, but I don’t know of any fluorescent colours – this sort of kit is way beyond home printers though, even the big ones I’ve reviewed. For an overview of current options (this is an active area in commercial print) do a search on ‘printing with fluorescent inks’ …not easy and not cheap

  • Teresa Hares | May 13, 2017 at 10:21 am

    Thank you Keith
    I was afraid you were going to say that!
    Not sure where to go from here but thank you for replying so quickly.

  • Keith Cooper | May 13, 2017 at 9:59 am

    Hi – glad it was of interest!

    The problem with matching intense colours is that you can only get the range of colours (gamut) limited by the colours of the inks on paper.

    If you mean the S3 colours with fluorescent in their name, then no ordinary inkjet printer has colours that behave like these. Art repro is tricky at the best of times, but once you introduce fluorescence, it becomes distinctly difficult to capture and reproduce. Accurately reproducing such colours needs a print system with specialist inks … not my area of expertise I’m afraid.

    Now, it might work and you might get a pleasing print, but with such paints it’s not going to look close when put next an original.

  • Teresa Hares | May 13, 2017 at 9:24 am

    This review is great.
    Please could you tell me if you think this printer would any good for reproducing very bright fluorescent colours such as those available by System 3 acrylic paint. I’m use these colours a lot in my artwork that I would like to be able to reproduce in a high enough quality to sell.
    If this printer would not be able to do this could you advise one that is.
    Thanks in advance for any advice.

  • Diane | Feb 7, 2017 at 11:06 pm

    Thank you, Keith!

  • Keith Cooper | Feb 7, 2017 at 10:57 pm

    Yes, it should be.
    The exact surface finish will depend on the paper used so you may need to experiment a bit, but the matte ink is the one for matte papers.

  • Diane | Feb 7, 2017 at 10:27 pm

    Thank you for this extremely helpful review! I will be printing matte b&w photos onto art paper to then hand color. If I do not use the glosser cartridge, will the ink appear matte on my matte paper? Thank you!

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