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Lighting CRI with i1Profiler and the i1Pro

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Lighting CRI measurement with i1Profiler

Using Osram LED ColorCalculator software


After looking at some LED lighting, Keith was wondering how to use his i1 spectrophotometer to measure light spectra and obtain CRI values.

This article shows one way Keith combined i1Profiler and the Free LED ColorCalculator software from Osram, to explore some aspects of light sources here at Northlight.

spectrum

Measuring the CRI of a light source

Years ago, you could use some free Gretag Macbeth software called i1Share to measure light sources, get a spectrum and and a value for the CRI of any light source.  It had one of the worst user interfaces I’d come across, but it did some useful things (See more info about 2/3rd of the way down my [2005] i1Design review)

i1Share long ceased running on any of my Macs (V1.4 is still available – X-Rite) and like many other features of X-Rite/GMB software at the time, never quite made it into X-Rite’s i1Profiler package (See my assorted i1Profiler reviews for more info).

CRI?

This is from the i1Share info:

CRI stands for Colour Rendering Index. The CRI indicates how closely a measured light source compares to a standard light source in terms of colour temperature and spectral distribution.
The calculation of the CRI is standardised by the CIE. i1Share lets you know how the CRI for your individual measured light source (e.g. of a light box) compares to a standard light source. A value of 100% is best. A value in the green range is good. [i1Share display]
Be aware that you could have, for instance, two light sources of 5000K, but with different spectral curves. When judging a colour under two light sources with same temperature but different spectral curves, the colours may appear different.

There are many issues with applying a relatively simple CRI value to LED light sources and how cameras (still or video) interpret a scene viewed under a particular light source. My experiments here are just that – I’ve written them up to help people explore more about this subject. For myself they confirm many of my experiences in testing lights and using such tools as the X-Rite ColorChecker Passport for making custom camera profiles for awkward lighting.

Measuring the light

One thing you can do with i1Profiler is measure ambient light spectra with an i1Pro spectrophotometer – you just need the ambient light cover. It just clips on to the measurement end of the spectrophotometer.

ambient head

This is the i1Pro 2 – there is a similar head available for the older i1Pro. The heads are matched to the spectro for calibration purposes, but a piece of PTFE tape as a diffuser would do at a push (I did say that this was just for experimenting with).

Note PTFE pipe tape is an exceedingly good white, with a very even reflectance spectrum. A roll of it makes for a very simple white balance tool.

Using i1Profiler

In the printer profiling workflow there is an ambient light measurement facility in the ‘Lighting’ section.

This is where you’d select the illuminant to use to build your printer profile.

select lighting

There is however the option to measure a light source (and load saved files).  Whilst this allows you to build printer profiles adapted to a specific light source, it’s something I very rarely use in practice.

measure light

The spectrophotometer can be used to measure a spectrum (10nm steps) from 380nm to 730nm.

Here’s the simple curve from the very bright halogen uplighter in my office.

halogen-uplighter

At ~500 watt, it is incredibly bright at full power, and absolutely ideal for setting up my fine macro work, where the absence of shadow really helps (it’s also ideal for when I’ve dropped something small). Low energy lighting – yes, I’ve heard of it ;-)

Perhaps more interesting is the colour spectrum of the Kaiser 5850 LED light panel I recently reviewed.

LED panel

Measuring the LED panel.

led 5850

The spectrum is typical of better quality LED lighting.

Compare it with my LED torch, with its very obvious blueish light

blueish LED torch

Or even worse, the cheap energy saving CFL lamp in our hallway.

hall CFL lamp

I’ve a print of a sunset in the hallway – that orange peak in the lighting really makes it glow – it’s less optimal for most other photos though…

i1Profiler lets you save the light measurements in .lxf files, but that’s your lot as far as lighting evaluation.

Using the .lxf files

At this point, I’ve some pretty spectra and measurement files, how to work out the CRI?

It turns out that the maths is quite complex – well at least complex enough to put me off writing code for it (I last wrote any significant software in the early 1990’s).

There are spreadsheets available, but the code won’t run on my Mac: See the CQS paper from NIST and their spreadsheet if you’ve a PC version of Excel

At this point my searches came across some FREE software (Lin,win and Mac) from Osram.

It’s called LED ColorCalculator and can be downloaded at

https://www.osram.us/cb/tools-and-resources/applications/led-colorcalculator/index.jsp

There is a full user guide, and it does vastly more things than I’m going to show here. Its main purpose is for you to be able to develop colour mixing LED lighting solutions.

Opening the software, it’s a bit of a ‘designed by and for engineers’ interface (I used to do usability research/consultancy work before I became a photographer) but isn’t too difficult to follow.

colorcalculator

click to enlarge

Under the User Spectra menu is an option to import simple text data.

The .lxf files have the data, but not in a format ColorCalculator can use. So I just copied the data into a new text file, and then into an Excel spreadsheet. I saved this as a tab delimited .txt file and imported it into ColorCalulator.

data steps

Yes, I know there are probably vastly more efficient ways to do this, but I’m only doing a few examples.

Once the spectral data is loaded, this info is produced. The software uses 2nm step data, but has fitted my i1Pro2 10nm data in by duplicating values (look at the table to see how).  The software asks you to select the measurement units, but that’s not important for this experiment (I ticked the first option).

LED spectral

So, I get a calculated colour temperature of 5579K and a basic 98CRI.

This qualitatively matches the good colour rendition I found in my Kaiser LED panel review.

Let’s have a quick look at that CFL lighting in my hallway…

hall cfl spectral

2335K and an 84 CRI – yes, it’s awful.

Some more reports

As I mentioned, the Osram software does quite a lot.

I’ll just show two IES TM-30-18 colour rendition reports, which give an idea of how well your light source will reproduce various defined colours. (big files click to enlarge)

tm30 report

First the LED panel:

LED panel report

and then the CFL lighting…

hall CFL lighting report

Note how the reference model spectra are based on the calculated colour temperature, so in the CFL report the reference (grey line) is similar to my halogen uplighter.

Conclusions and alternatives

I’m sure that there are many easier and better ways of doing this, but it was fun experimenting with the kit I’d already got.

If you’ve alternative ways of using an i1 spectro to get spectral plots and CRI values, please do et me know? (below, or email – note using comments below will block URLs)

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